An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

You are viewing ARCHIVED CONTENT released online from January 20, 2017 to January 20, 2021.

Content in this archive site is NOT UPDATED, and links may not function.

For current information, go to

American Flag
Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance

Office of Emerging Security Challenges

Our Mission

The Office of Emerging Security Challenges (ESC) leads the development of Department positions to enhance space security and missile defense cooperation among allies and partners. ESC also leads the Department’s efforts to ensure security in the Polar Regions, and plays a leading role in enhancing cyber strategic stability through enhanced cooperation and the development of confidence building measures as well as the national security implications of artificial intelligence.

U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future