The United States and Brazil enjoy robust political and economic relations. The United States was the first country to recognize Brazil's independence in 1822. As the two largest democracies and economies in the Western Hemisphere, the United States and Brazil have a partnership that is rooted in a shared commitment to expand economic growth and prosperity; promote international peace, security, and respect for human rights; and strengthen defense and security cooperation.
U.S.-Brazil Bilateral Economic Relations
Brazil is the world’s ninth-largest economy and the United States is Brazil’s second-largest trading partner. Two-way goods trade was $70.7 billion in 2018. The United States had a $8.3 billion goods trade surplus with Brazil in 2018. Brazil’s main imports from the United States are aircraft, machinery, petroleum products, electronics, and optical and medical instruments. The United States is Brazil’s second-largest export market. The primary products are crude oil, aircraft, iron and steel, and machinery. According to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, the United States had invested $68.34 billion in Brazil as of 2017.
U.S. Assistance to Brazil
The U.S. Agency for International Aid (USAID) partners with four Brazilian ministries and the private sector to improve biodiversity conservation in the Amazon, primarily through close bilateral cooperation on strengthening Brazil’s vast Protected Areas system, including indigenous territorial management. Through public-private partnerships, USAID supports projects focused on biodiversity conservation, science, and technology, as well as entrepreneurship and access to English language training for Brazilian youth, while increasing the impact of social investments made by U.S. companies in Brazil through their corporate social investment programs.