The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Tajikistan in 1992, following its independence from the Soviet Union. The U.S. and Tajikistan have a broad-based relationship, cooperating in such areas as counter-narcotics, counterterrorism, non-proliferation, and regional economic connectivity and security. In 2010, the U.S. and Tajikistan launched an annual bilateral consultation process to enhance cooperation. Tajikistan has been a strong partner to the U.S. and international forces in efforts to bring security and peace to Afghanistan. Stability and economic growth in Tajikistan are critical to achieving overall regional stability and to strengthening regional economic integration. Tajikistan faces many challenges, including underdeveloped border security, widespread corruption, inadequate health and education systems, and food and energy shortages. Regional threats include violent extremism, terrorism, and the trafficking of narcotics and weapons.
U.S. Assistance to Tajikistan
U.S. Government assistance to Tajikistan seeks to help defense and law enforcement agencies counter transnational threats, improve local governance and transparency, increase food security and public health services, and reform the education system, particularly focusing on creating opportunities for youth to contribute to society.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Tajikistan is one of the world’s poorest countries, and it depends on remittances and commodity exports that make it vulnerable to global economic conditions. Tajikistan has signed a trade and investment framework agreement with the United States and other Central Asian countries establishing a regional forum to discuss ways to improve investment climates and expand trade within Central Asia.