An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

You are viewing ARCHIVED CONTENT released online from January 20, 2017 to January 20, 2021.

Content in this archive site is NOT UPDATED, and links may not function.

For current information, go to

The Renco Group, Inc. alleged that the Government of Peru violated Articles 10.5 (minimum standard of treatment) and 10.7 (expropriation) of the U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement.  This arbitration is proceeding under the 2013 UNCITRAL Rules and is administered by the Permanent Court of Arbitration.  Peru raised preliminary objections related to ratione temporis under Articles 10.1.3 (non-retroactivity) and 10.18.1 (time bar).

For further information and documents concerning this claim, click here.

03/06/20  U.S. Article 10.20.2 Submission [184 KB]

U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future