BRUNEI: Tier 2 Watch List
The Government of Brunei does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included passing the 2019 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Order, which separated the crimes of migrant smuggling and human trafficking; formalizing the government’s interagency anti-trafficking in persons committee within the prime minister’s office; instituting a committee to review foreign worker recruitment practices; ratifying the ASEAN Convention against Trafficking in Persons in January 2020; acceding to the UN TIP Protocol in March 2020; and continuing awareness-raising campaigns for employers of foreign workers. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Despite a significant number of migrant workers in Brunei who exhibit multiple trafficking indicators, the government did not formally identify any cases of trafficking. The government did not prosecute or convict any traffickers for the third consecutive year. While the 2019 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Order upheld a fund created in 2004 for victim compensation and repatriation, the government has never allocated funding to it. The government continued to detain, deport, and charge potential victims for crimes without employing a victim-centered approach to discern if traffickers compelled the victims to engage in the unlawful acts. The government continued not to provide shelter or services for adult male trafficking victims. Therefore Brunei remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year.