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2017-2021 ARCHIVED CONTENT

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Overview

Members of organized communities estimate there are between 12,000 and 18,000 Jews currently living in Uruguay.

Since 2013, Uruguay has been an observer member of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance.  Uruguay encourages the implementation of national policies and programs in support of education and commemoration of the Holocaust.  There are no reported property restitution claims or local laws on these issues.  The Government of Uruguay has expressed a commitment to condemning and preventing any act of hate related to race, ethnic origin, or religion.

Immovable Private, Communal/Religious, and Heirless Property

The Department is unaware of any reports of Holocaust-era immovable property restitution claims in Uruguay.

Movable Property: Nazi-Confiscated and Looted Art

The Department knows of no reports of Nazi-confiscated or looted art or other reports of movable property restitution claims in the country.  There is no restitution law in place for looted cultural property.

Judaica and Jewish Cultural Property

According to the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany and the World Jewish Restitution Organization, Uruguay received 1,670 books from the Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, an organization established by the Conference on Jewish Relations in April 1947 to collect and distribute heirless Jewish property in the American occupied zone of Germany after World War II.  Jewish organizations note Uruguay does not appear to be conducting provenance research.

Access to Archival Documents

The Department has received no reports related to the issue of access to archival documents in relation to the ownership of Holocaust-era assets in Uruguay.

Education, Remembrance, Research, and Memorial Sites

Uruguay commemorates International Holocaust Remembrance Day every January 27.  In 2019, in its first session on January 25, the parliament held a special session commemorating the Holocaust.  In addition, since 2012, a high-ranking government official delivers a nationally broadcast TV and radio address each year in memory of victims.  There is a Holocaust memorial and a Holocaust museum in the country.

The Holocaust is part of the primary and secondary school curricula, and there is a mandatory seminar on the Holocaust in teachers’ training curriculum.  The Plan Ceibal (a nationwide, digital educational platform) included an app to educate high school students about the Holocaust.  The government has also taken actions aimed at protecting memorial sites in response to a few cases of vandalism that have occurred.

The Welfare of Holocaust (Shoah) Survivors and Other Victims of Nazi Persecution

The Fundacion Tzedaka del Uruguay in Montevideo is the social welfare partner of the Claims Conference in Uruguay.  The agency provides social services for vulnerable Jewish victims of the Holocaust era, including home care and an emergency assistance program.

Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act Report: Uruguay
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