An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

You are viewing ARCHIVED CONTENT released online from January 20, 2017 to January 20, 2021.

Content in this archive site is NOT UPDATED, and links may not function.

For current information, go to

Special Envoy for the Sahel Region Dr. J. Peter Pham will travel to Mauritania September 6-9, France September 10-12, and Niger September 12-16.

During his travels, Special Envoy Pham will coordinate with and demonstrate U.S. support for African-led initiatives to fight extremism and enhance security and governance in the region, including G5 Sahel and Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) efforts for a timely, civilian-led transition to constitutional order in Mali. In addition, Pham will underscore the U.S. partnership with both Mauritania and Niger. His meetings with government officials, civil society, and others will explore ways the U.S. can work with partners to prevent and address allegations of human rights violations in the Sahel, strengthen civic space, and discuss preparations for upcoming West African elections.

In Mauritania, Special Envoy Pham will meet with Mauritanian officials as well as the G5 Sahel Executive Secretariat. In Niger, Special Envoy Pham will meet with Nigerien officials to discuss both the U.S.-Niger partnership and their roles as both the rotating Presidency of ECOWAS and the Presidency of the United Nations Security Council for September. In France, Special Envoy Pham will meet with French officials to discuss events in Mali and ways to advance support of regional efforts to address the drivers of insecurity, contain the spread of violence, and stabilize the region.


U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future